Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (2023)

Written By: SafeHome.org Team | Updated: November 2020

Time is of the essence when it comes to fires at home. In two short minutes, a fire can become life-threatening. In five minutes, flames can engulf an entire home. Of course, prevention is just as important. From January 1, 2020, to November 5, 2020, the news media reported a total of 1,706 home fire deaths in the United States. Many, if not all, were avoidable.

It's essential for residents and families to become familiar with how fire spreads, the leading causes of home fires, and various fire safety methods. Awareness has resulted in fewer fire deaths in past years, but the number is still pretty high, especially considering that residential fires are preventable.

Staying safe from fires at home begins with you. Take action with the tips below.

Insight from the Experts

Curious to see what the professionals have to say about fire prevention at home? Here are some interesting bits of insight from fire officials:

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (1)

Fire: Fast Facts

Before we get into the details of fire prevention at home, let's go over fundamental facts to understand fires better.

LUNG-SCORCHINGResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (2)

flames are scary, but the heat a fire produces is more dangerous. Temperatures can reach 1,100 degrees Fahrenheit in less than four minutes. Even at just 600 degrees, a fire can melt your clothes and scorch your lungs. Temperatures are lower at floor level, sometimes only 100 degrees, so don’t be afraid to get on your hands and knees. Staying low also means you breathe less smoke.

DEADLYResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (3)

You’re more likely to die from asphyxiation (smoke inhalation) than burns. In fact, a fire’s odorless, colorless toxic gases can put you to sleep before flames reach your location. Watch out for smoke inhalation symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, headache, disorientation, and drowsiness.

DISORIENTINGResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (4)

Many fires first appear yellow-orange but swiftly transform into black smoke that causes darkness. Fumbling around in pitch-black spaces costs valuable seconds.

(Video) Fire Safety - Top 10 tips to keep you safe at home

QUICKResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (5)

Small flames require less than 30 seconds to erupt into large fires. From there, a complete takeover of the house can occur in three to five minutes. New homes also burn faster and hotter than older residences due to different building materials and other factors.

Shocking Statistics about Home Fires

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (6)3 out of 5 deaths resulting from home fires occur in homes that do not have working smoke alarms installed. Source: National Fire Protection Association

About 7 people die in the United States as a result of a fire at home.Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (7)

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (8)1,706 civilian home fire deaths occurred between January 1, 2020, and November 5, 2020, according to U.S. media reports. Source: U.S. Fire Administration

Every 24 seconds in 2018, firefighters responded to a fire in the United States. Every 87 seconds, a home fire occurred. Source: Insurance Information Institute

There were 379,600 fires in residential buildings in 2018, leading to 2,790 deaths, 11,525 injuries, and losses of $8,194,500,000. That’s more than eight billion dollars, so all these zeros belong! Source: U.S. Fire Administration

About 25 percent of home fire deaths from 2013 to 2017 resulted from fires that started in the living room, while 23 percent started in the bedroom. Kitchen fires and cooking area fires accounted for the highest proportion of injuries, at 39 percent. Source: National Fire Protection Association

Fire Safety Tips

In any discussion about fire safety, we always start with the facts. They are indisputable, after all.
Here are a few, courtesy of the American Red Cross:

  • Every day, 7 people die from a house fire. Children and the elderly are the most impacted.
  • About 80% of all civilian deaths from fire occur in the home.
  • The No. 1 cause of most house fires is unattended cooking.

As homeowners, we might not be able to prevent every single opportunity for a house fire. These things do happen, but fortunately, we have a great number of fire safety tips and tricks at our disposal to be as prepared as we possibly can.

According to a 2020 fire safety report, cooking, heating, and electrical equipment are three of the biggest factors in fire injury or death. So that’s always something to keep in mind: Knowing more about fire risks will help you protect your home.

Do you know if your smoke detectors are wired? Do they have a battery? If so, how long are they supposed to last? Have you labeled your smoke detectors or created a schedule to check in on them? These are all important questions when thinking about fire safety tips.

5 Tips for Preventing a Residential Fire

House fires are preventable. Every homeowner and family member should take the time to do the following to ensure fire safety.

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (9)Install Smoke Detectors Throughout the Home

The first step is to install enough smoke detectors throughout your home. Aim for one on every floor, in each sleeping area, and outside of each sleeping area. Most home security systems automatically include smoke detectors. Test detectors once every month to ensure they work and that the batteries are still good. Replace batteries once a year, and completely replace detectors every 10 years. Do not disable any smoke detectors while cooking, as this can potentially result in tragedy. Fortunately, detector technology has improved, and “false” alarms due to cooking have decreased.

(Video) Home Safety Visit Guide

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (10)Install Fire Extinguishers

Once you've got the smoke detectors installed, it's time to make sure that you have fire extinguishers readily available throughout your residence. These come in handy should you experience a small fire. Using a fire extinguisher prevents you and your family from having to battle a bigger fire. Keep them in the kitchen, garage, and any workshop areas of your home. Similar to smoke detectors, fire extinguishers should be checked regularly to ensure they work properly.

If you are not sure how to use a fire extinguisher, contact your local fire department for training information to get you started. You'll be able to learn how to properly use and maintain an extinguisher.

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (11)Teach Kids About the Dangers of Fire

Let's face it, kids are curious. This is a good and bad thing, but when it comes to something life-threatening like fire, curiosity can quickly turn into danger. Children under age six account for about 43 percent of home fires started by play, according to the National Fire Protection Association. These fires cause deaths, injuries, and property damage, just like other types of fire. It's essential to educate children about the potentially deadly consequences of playing with fire. Keep matches and lighters away from children, and inform them to stop, drop, and roll if their clothes catch on fire. Also, teach them about what firefighters do and not hide from them when they are in sight.

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (12)Create a Plan for Escape

Many people panic in emergencies, so an escape plan can mean the difference between life and death. The goal should be for everyone to get out of the house in three minutes or less.

Discuss the plan in detail with your family members so everyone is on the same page. The plan should include at least two escape routes from every bedroom. Everyone should be familiar with basic fire safety procedures, including these:

  • Checking doors for heat before opening them
  • Staying low on the ground to avoid smoke
  • Knowing the closest way out

These little things go a long way to save lives during a fire. Make physical or digital copies of valuable documents such as health records so they’re quickly retrievable if a fire takes place.

Practice your fire escape plan. fire drills are critical for people of all ages and let you test your plan for weaknesses.

Ensure that everything at home is in working order. For example, windows should not be stuck, and if you have any window screens, they should be easily removable. If you use security bars, make sure they are quick release.

Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (13)Have a Family Communications Plan Set

Ready.gov has a blueprint for developing a family/household communications plan for emergencies. The site also provides emergency plans for parents, kids, and pet owners.

  • Collect data on potential meeting places in your neighborhood, relatives’ contact information, any medical issues responders need to know about, and places your family could stay for a while. The meeting place could be a neighbor’s house, a landmark, or even the end of your driveway if it’s far enough from the house. Think about accessibility needs. For instance, older family members may benefit from a medical alert system that enables easier contact with relatives and emergency responders.
  • Share information such as meeting places and contact numbers with everyone in the household. Input contact numbers in all residents’ phones and devices. Include terms such as “911” or “Emergency” in the entry so all these numbers come up when you search the designated term. Create group lists to reach multiple people at once, and make sure everyone knows how to text, call, or otherwise reach out to their emergency contacts. Let your emergency contacts know about medical issues they should share with responders.
  • Practice the plan. Each resident should get in touch with at least one emergency contact and send a group text. Verify that everyone in the household, children included, knows how to call 911. Look over the plan at least once a year, and update it as needed. Remind others in the household about it, too.

Common Causes of Fire at Home

Avoid starting a fire by getting to know common causes:

Clothing DryersResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (14)

Lint easily gets a fire started under the right conditions, so keep your clothes dryer well-maintained. Get the air exhaust pipe to the outside of the home inspected yearly to ensure no blockage. Blockages may interfere with the dryer working efficiently and safely.

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After each load, clean the lint filter before starting a new load. Check around the drum as well, because sometimes lint collects in this area. If you can, avoid having your dryer operate overnight or while you are out of the house. Do several rounds of drying if needed, rather than overloading the dryer. Overloading may lead to an excess of lint, increasing the chances of a house fire.

Children & PetsResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (15)

Many kids find fire exciting, so take steps to minimize the risks. Explain that fire is a tool and not a toy and go over escape and communications plans. Talk about smoke detectors and the sounds they make. Have your kids listen to the detectors and practice what to do if they hear that sound.

Keep children away from burning candles, lights, matches, and stoves left on. Similarly, you can't expect pets at home to behave around burning candles and other objects.

Electrical
AppliancesResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (16)

Faulty electrical appliances can result in a fire, so check your appliances regularly to make sure they are operating properly. Immediately unplug and replace cords that are frayed or damaged. Spread out your appliances so they don’t overwhelm outlets. Use only one extension cord per appliance. If you have kids at home, consider tamper-resistant outlets so that children don't injure themselves.

Don’t tuck extension cords under rugs, carpet, or furniture. Heat cannot escape from covered cords, and that’s a fire hazard.

Get in touch with an electrician if you experience blown fuses, flickering lights, sparking lights, or other recurring problems with outlets or wiring. Tackle these issues while they’re relatively small.

flammable LiquidsResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (17)

Liquids such as cleaning agents, paints, gasoline, and adhesives are highly flammable. Store them away from heat sources. If possible, keep them outside of the home in a ventilated and cool area.

SmokingResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (18)

Smoking accidents are another common cause of house fires. It’s never a good idea to smoke indoors, so take a few extra steps to smoke on your balcony or in the back yard. After smoking, check that no embers smolder in the ashtray, or run it underwater.

Portable
Space HeatersResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (19)

Space heaters come in handy during winter when you need to warm up only one room. Do use them responsibly. These heaters account for 43 percent of home heating fires and 85 percent of related deaths.

Keep flammable items at least 3 feet away from an operating space heater. Position the space heater on a flat and stable surface so that it doesn't fall on something and catch on fire. Some heaters automatically turn off when tipped over; they’re much safer. Don’t leave space heaters on overnight or leave them unattended.

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CookingResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (20)

Cooking equipment is the number-one cause of home fires and injuries. Be especially careful when igniting grills and other cooking equipment since 66 percent of home cooking fires begin at the ignition stage. Never leave the kitchen unattended while cooking, and after you are done, ensure that the stove and/or oven is completely off. Keep hot items away from loose clothing, dish towels, and other fabrics that could cause a fire.

fireplacesResidential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide | SafeHome.org (21)

If you use a fireplace, get it checked out yearly. Operate it only when you’re home and ensure that fires are 100 percent extinguished before you go to sleep. Use a fireplace screen to protect against flying sparks. The screen should be big enough to cover the entire fireplace opening and heavy enough to withstand any logs that roll from the fire.

A Quick Note on Home Fire Sprinklers

The Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition offers a video with top-and-bottom comparisons of a home fire in a house with sprinklers and a home fire in a house without sprinklers. It gets the point across better than a long list of numbers might (also notice the disorienting, pitch-black effect of fire mentioned earlier). In a nutshell, fire sprinklers significantly increase your family’s odds of safe escape. They contain or put out fires, and minimize property damage.

Many homes don’t have them, but they’re worth considering if you have the means to install them. If you’re looking for a new place to live, you might prioritize residences that already have sprinkler systems. If you are building a home from scratch, new-construction sprinklers cost about $1.35 per square foot of space. It’s possible to retrofit sprinklers into your existing home, although it costs more.

Conclusion

You might think that these fire safety tips are common sense. However, it's easy to overlook them especially when you’re busy and stressed about work, the holidays, and more. The most basic precautions can slip through the cracks of daily life. So, whether you're reading this piece for knowledge or to get a much-needed reminder, know that you can never take it too safe with fire prevention at home. Taking the necessary measures saves a ton of hassle and your precious belongings and your loved ones!

Additional Resources

The following resources should expand your fire prevention and safety knowledge in multiple areas.

Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition

Fire sprinklers could save your life. This resource explains why, discusses the costs and types of fire sprinklers, and how they’re useful for senior citizens, people with disabilities, children, and pets.

Sparky

Check out Sparky the fire dog, courtesy of the National Fire Protection Association. A dalmatian, Sparky debuted in 1951 and offers fun ways for kids to learn about fire. The website has free apps and a section for parents. It’s complete with resources such as a fire inspection checklist and how to make a fire escape plan.

National Fire Protection Association: Public Education

Learn about fire causes and risks, including regional and behavioral risks, and specific groups at risk. Take tangible steps to stay safe, including in high-rise buildings and nursing homes—no guesswork needed.

(Video) Home Safety Guide V

U.S. Fire Administration

Research fire prevention, including the most recent studies on fire detection and suppression. Investigate U.S. fire statistics, state fire profiles, and other data.

FAQs

What is the theme of 2022 fire prevention Month? ›

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) announced the 2022 theme for Fire Prevention Week, "Fire won't wait. Plan your escape!", which will be the week of October 9-15, 2022.

What are the 5 fire safety rules? ›

5 Fire Safety Tips
  • Install Fire Alarms. Smoke alarms are the best early fire warning system. ...
  • Plan a Fire Escape Route. In the event of a fire, always have an escape plan in advance. ...
  • Keep Flames and Other Heating Equipment in Check. ...
  • Have a Fire Extinguisher. ...
  • Utilize the Cliche Stop, Drop and Roll.
Nov 4, 2021

What should I have in my house for fire safety? ›

Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas. Test smoke alarms every month. If they're not working, change the batteries. Talk with all family members about a fire escape plan and practice the plan twice a year.

What are the 10 fire safety rules? ›

Ten tips to prevent or escape a house fire
  • Get some smoke detectors. ...
  • Put a smoke detector on every level of your home. ...
  • Close bedroom doors. ...
  • Set up an exit plan. ...
  • Purchase a fire ladder. ...
  • Exit first, then call emergency number. ...
  • Never re-enter a burning home. ...
  • Never leave a burning candle in a room by itself.
Oct 29, 2021

Why do we do Fire Prevention Week? ›

Firefighters provide lifesaving public education in an effort to drastically decrease casualties caused by fires. “Fire Prevention Week is observed each year during the week of October 9th in commemoration of the Great Chicago Fire, which began on October 8, 1871, and caused devastating damage.

Why do we celebrate Fire Safety week? ›

National Fire Service Day/Week (NSW) is celebrated every year in India from 14th April to 20th April. It is observed as a part to pay homage to those brave Fire Fighters, who sacrificed their lives in line to their duty on 14th April, 1944.

What are the three P's of fire safety? ›

Follow the three P's: prevent, plan and practice. Make sure your home has working smoke alarms, your family has a fire escape plan, and you have practiced it.

Who is responsible for enforcing fire safety? ›

London Fire Brigade has a responsibility to keep the people of London safe. An important part of this duty is making sure that people responsible for commercial premises are following the rules. We enforce various legislation, chiefly around fire safety, including the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2006.

What are the 2 main fire prevention devices? ›

Smoke alarms are designed to detect, not control, a fire. Home fire sprinklers complement the alarms' work, providing a way to fight flames immediately.

How fast does fire spread in a house? ›

Fire is FAST!

In less than 30 seconds a small flame can turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house or for it to be engulfed in flames.

How long does it take for a cigarette to start a fire? ›

Research has shown that from the time a full-length cigarette is properly placed in a suitable fuel, it takes at least 22 minutes for it to transition to an open flame.

What is the first rule of fire? ›

Provide adequate means of escape

The first rule of fire management requires sufficient escape routes out of the building, in accordance with its scale and occupancy.

What are the four fundamental rules of fire fighting? ›

Get down, get low, get out – smoke is poisonous, get underneath it on your hands and knees, and crawl to the nearest safe exit. Shut the doors behind you to stop the spread of fire and smoke. Shout Fire!

What is a good slogan for fire safety? ›

Kill Fire before it kills you.

Why is Fire Prevention Month important? ›

Essentially, it aims to remind people to be cautious and responsible at home and in the workplace, as fire safety is everyone's concern. Furthermore, the public must participate in fire prevention drills and innovative programs concerning this observance as they always pay to be ready.

Why is Fire Prevention Week held in October? ›

Fire Prevention Week was initiated by the National Fire Protection Agency in 1922 to commemorate the Chicago Fire of October 9, 1871. This October, therefore, marks the 100-year anniversary of Fire Protection Week. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the First Fire Protection Day in 1820.

When did fire prevention start? ›

Fire Prevention Week was started by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) in 1922 to commemorate the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Fire Prevention Week teaches children and adults how to stay safe in the event of a fire.

What is the theme of Fire Service week this year 2022? ›

The theme of the National Fire Service Day 2022 is "Learn Fire Safety, Increase Productivity" National Fire Service Day commemorates the 71 Fire Service personnel who lost their lives during an unfortunate and massive explosion at Mumbai dockyard on April 14, 1944.

What is the motto of Fire Service week? ›

Lets work together for fire safe India. Smoke management save lives. Fire is fire.. Friend or Foe we decide.

How many types of fire extinguishers are there? ›

There are four classes of fire extinguishers – A, B, C and D – and each class can put out a different type of fire.

What is the theme of National Fire Service Day 2022? ›

The theme of the National Fire Service Day 2022 is "Learn Fire Safety, Increase Productivity" National Fire Service Day commemorates the 71 Fire Service personnel who lost their lives during an unfortunate and massive explosion at Mumbai dockyard on April 14, 1944.

What is Fire Safety for Kids? ›

Keep children at least 3 feet away from stoves, heaters or anything that gets hot. Keep smoking materials locked up in a high place. Never leave cigarette lighters or matches where children can reach them. Never play with lighters or matches when you are with your children.

How can you prevent fires in the workplace? ›

Keep your buildings clean & tidy – both public areas and behind the scene. Dispose of waste correctly and regularly – especially flammable materials. Store chemicals safely – and clean up spillages straight away. Keep fire doors closed – and ensure all fire exits are clear.

Why is fire Day celebrated in India? ›

In memory of the 66 firemen who laid down their lives, 14th of April each year is celebrated, all over the country as Fire Service Day.

What is a good slogan for fire safety? ›

Kill Fire before it kills you.

Which 3 components are needed to start a fire? ›

Oxygen, heat, and fuel are frequently referred to as the "fire triangle." Add in the fourth element, the chemical reaction, and you actually have a fire "tetrahedron." The important thing to remember is: take any of these four things away, and you will not have a fire or the fire will be extinguished.

What is the motto of Fire Service Week? ›

Lets work together for fire safe India. Smoke management save lives. Fire is fire.. Friend or Foe we decide.

What 4 actions would you take in the event of a fire? ›

In the Event of an Emergency
  • React immediately. If an alarm sounds and you see smoke or fire, or some other unusual disturbance, immediately exit the building and go to the assembly point.
  • Get out and stay out. Once you have escaped, stay out. Under no circumstances should you ever go back into a burning building.
Jun 19, 2015

What should children do in a house fire? ›

The most important thing is that you get out safely. It's also important to know that you shouldn't stay in the house any longer than you must — not even to call 911. Someone else can make that call from outside. Once you're out, do not go back in for anything — even pets.

Can I do my own fire risk assessment? ›

The short answer is 'Yes – you can perform your own fire risk assessment', there is nothing stopping you from Googling an online template for a fire risk assessment and filling out the fields to describe your building, what you do, and any risks you can identify from the limited knowledge you have.

Who is responsible for fire safety in a workplace? ›

Who is responsible for fire safety in the workplace? In a working or non-domestic environment, the person responsible for fire safety is the person in control of the premises.

What is the most common cause of fires in the workplace? ›

1. Faulty equipment. Defective electrics such as loose wires, or faulty equipment that can overheat and cause sparks, are common causes of fires in the workplace. It is essential that workplace equipment is regularly inspected and replaced upon any signs of electrical damage.

How many types of fire extinguishers are there? ›

There are four classes of fire extinguishers – A, B, C and D – and each class can put out a different type of fire.

How does fire safety increase productivity? ›

To increase productivity and profit:

A safe workplace has lower absenteeism, higher turnover, and lower employee injury and illness costs.

What is a fire fighting week? ›

Firefighters provide lifesaving public education in an effort to drastically decrease casualties caused by fires. Fire Prevention Week is observed each year during the week of October 9th in commemoration of the Great Chicago Fire, which began on October 8, 1871, and caused devastating damage.

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